Flag of Russia — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

Flag of Russia — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 Английский

1552–1918: tsardom, empire and republic

In 1552, Russian regiments marched on the victorious assault of Kazan under Ivan the Terrible with the banner of the Most Gracious Saviour. For the next century and a half, the banner of Ivan the Terrible accompanied the Russian army.

In the Illustrated Chronicle of Ivan the Terrible, there is an image of the banner of Ivan the Terrible in the Kazan campaign – a bifurcated white one with the image of the Saviour and an eight-pointed cross above it. According to other sources, the banner was red instead of white. A copy of this banner, which has been restored many times, is still kept in the Kremlin Armoury.

In 1612, the Nizhny Novgorod militia raised the banner of Dmitry Pozharsky, it was crimson in colour with the image of the Lord Almighty on one side and the archangel Michael on the other.

In 1669, the Polish painters Stanislav Loputsky and Ivan Mirovsky invited by Tsar Alexis of Russia, painted for the tsar’s palace in Kolomenskoye «the hallmarks (that is, the emblems) of the sovereigns and all the universal states of this world.

» Then Loputsky drew «on the canvas, the coat of arms of the Moscow State and the arms of other neighbouring countries, under every emblem of the planet under which they are.» The coat of arms was a white rectangular banner with a «slope» and a wide red border, in the centre of which was depicted a gold two-headed eagle and the emblems symbolizing the subject kingdoms, principalities and lands.

In the inventory of the Kremlin Armoury, the coat of arms is described as the following: «In the circle there is a two-headed eagle wearing two crowns, and in his chest, the king on horseback pricks a serpent with his spear».[7]

On 6 August 1693, during Peter the Great’s sailing in the White Sea with a detachment of warships built in Arkhangelsk, the so-called «Flag of the Tsar of Muscovy»[8] was raised for the first time on the 12-gun yacht «Saint Peter».

The flag was a cross-stitch of 4.6×4.9 meters sewn from cloth, composed of three equal-sized horizontal stripes of white, blue and red, with a golden double-headed eagle in the middle.[9] The original of this oldest surviving Russian flag is located in the Central Naval Museum in Saint Petersburg.

1918–1991: civil war and soviet union

On 8 April 1918, the flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was discussed at a meeting of the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR. The Council proposed that the All-Russian Central Executive Committee create a red flag with the abbreviation for the phrase Workers of the world, unite! However, the proposal was not adopted.

On 13 April 1918, the All-Russian Central Executive Committee established the RSFSR flag to be a red banner with the inscription Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. The text of the decree did not contain any clarification regarding the colour, size and location of the inscription, or the width and length ratio of the cloth.

Colour specifications

Federal constitutional law of the Russian Federation only says that the colours of the flag are «white», «blue» (синий, or dark blue, as Russian has two colours that are called «blue» in English), and «red». It does not specify the exact colours of the flag.

In practice, however, federal authorities tend to use the following colours:[citation needed]

Flag of russian federation

Every country can be proud of its famous people, interesting history, great anthem and national flag. Children at school don’t really understand, why we have to be proud of anthem, flag or emblem. Of course also we have national traditions, food, beautiful places, outstanding people, but our anthem and flag are symbols of one particular country- our country.

History

A study on clarifying the national colours of Russia based on disquisition on documents of the Moscow Archive of Ministry of Justice of the Russian Empire was summarized by Dmitry Samokvasov, a Russian archaeologist and legal historian, in an edition of 16 pages called «On the Question of National Colours of Ancient Russia» published in Moscow in 1910.[6]

Origin

Two accounts of the flag’s origin connect it to the tricolour used by the Dutch Republic (the flag of the Netherlands).[1][2]

The earliest mention of the flag occurs during the reign of Alexis I, in 1668, and is related to the construction of the first Russian naval ship, the frigate Oryol. According to one source, the ship’s Dutch lead engineer Butler faced the need for the flag, and issued a request to the Boyar Duma, to «ask His Royal Majesty as to which (as is the custom among other nations) flag shall be raised on the ship».

The official response merely indicated that, as such issue is as yet unprecedented, even though the land forces do use (apparently different) flags, the tsar ordered that his (Butler’s) opinion be sought about the matter, asking specifically as to the custom existing in his country.[3]

A different account traces the origins of the Russian flag to tsar Peter the Great’s visits to Arkhangelsk in 1693 and 1694. Peter was keenly interested in shipbuilding in the European style, different from the barges ordinarily used in Russia at the time.

In 1693, Peter had ordered a Dutch-built frigate from Amsterdam. In 1694 when it arrived, the Dutch red, white, and blue banner flew from its stern.[4] Peter decided to model Russia’s naval flag after that banner by assigning meaning and reordering the colours.

References

  1. ^Hulme, Frederick Edward (1 January 1897). The Flags of the World: Their History, Blazonry and Associations. Library of Alexandria. ISBN 9781465543110.
  2. ^Greenway, H. D. S. (2022). Foreign Correspondent: A Memoir. Simon and Schuster. p. 228. ISBN 978-1-4767-6132-9.
  3. ^Flag T.H. Eriksen & R. Jenkins, Nation and Symbolism in Europe and America. Abingdon, 2007, p. 23
  4. ^Robert K. Massie, Peter the Great, 160 (Modern Library Edition 2022)
  5. ^«Nieuwe Hollandse scheeps-bouw, Amsteldam: C. Allard, 1695». Internet Archive contributed by National Library of the Netherlands. Allard, Carel. 1695.
  6. ^Самоквасов Д. Я.К вопросу о государственных цветах древней России. — М.: тип. Саблина, 1910. — 16 с. Russian State Library
  7. ^Государственная символика (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2 April 2022. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  8. ^Central Naval Museum, St. Petersburg. List of exhibited artefacts. Flag of the Tsar of Muscovy.
  9. ^Белавенец П. И. Флаг Царя Московского, хранившийся в кафедральном соборе города Архангельска с 1693 года / Бюллетень Управления геральдики Государственной архивной службы Российской Федерации. Вып. No. 1, октябрь 1993 г., — С. 3
  10. ^«Nieuwe Hollandse scheeps-bouw, waar in vertoond word een volmaakt schip, met alle des zelfs uitterlyke deelen … Benevens de afbeeldingen van alle de voornaamste vlaggen … Carel Allard». Allard, Carel. 1695.
  11. ^«Nieuwe Hollandse scheeps-bouw, waar in vertoond word een volmaakt schip, met alle des zelfs uitterlyke deelen … Benevens de afbeeldingen van alle de voornaamste vlaggen … Carel Allard». Allard, Carel. 1695.
  12. ^«Nieuwe Hollandse scheeps-bouw, waar in vertoond word een volmaakt schip, met alle des zelfs uitterlyke deelen … Benevens de afbeeldingen van alle de voornaamste vlaggen … Carel Allard». Allard, Carel. 1695.
  13. ^«Nieuwe Hollandse scheeps-bouw, waar in vertoond word een volmaakt schip, met alle des zelfs uitterlyke deelen … Benevens de afbeeldingen van alle de voornaamste vlaggen … Carel Allard». Allard, Carel. 1695.
  14. ^Russian flags at Flags of the World
  15. ^«Construction of Kronschloss Medal, 1704». Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Coins and Medals Department.
  16. ^Н. А. Соболева, В. А. Артамонов (1993). Символы России (in Russian). Панорама. p. 208. ISBN 5-85220-155-3.
  17. ^Елагин С. Наши флаги. / Морской сборник, т. LXVIII, 1863, No. 10 – С. 231
  18. ^Басов А. Н. История военно-морских флагов. — М.: Аст, СПб.: Полигон, 2004, ISBN 5-17-022747-7, С.46
  19. ^Оленин Р. М., Карманов В. В. От первого корабля до первого Устава. История морских флагов России (1669–1725 гг.). — СПб.: «Шатон», 2006. — С. 54
  20. ^Uiterst links een jacht met de Russische vlag en tsaar Peter de Grote aan boord, gekleed in het rood (Слева – яхта под флагом России с царём Петром I на борту, одетым в красное). Het Spiegelgevecht op het IJ ter ere van het Moskovisch gezantschap (1 September 1697), 1697–1700
  21. ^Устрялов Н. Г. История царствования Петра Великого. Т. IV. — СПб., 1863. Карты, планы и схемы. — С. 15 (копия листа с приложения No. 14)
  22. ^Елагин С. И. История русского флота. Период Азовский. Приложения. Ч. 1. — СПб., 1864 – С. 428–429
  23. ^Яковлев Л.П. (1865). Древности Российскаго государства, изданныя по высочайшему повелению. Доп. к 3 отд-нию: Русския старинныя знамена. М. p. 110.
  24. ^П. И. Белавенец. Краткая записка о старых русских знамёнах. — СПб, 1911. С.33
  25. ^Оленин Р. М., Карманов В. В. От первого корабля до первого Устава. История морских флагов России (1669–1725 гг.). — СПб.: «Шатон», 2006. — С. 207
  26. ^Het Spiegelgevecht op het IJ ter ere van het Moskovisch gezantschap (1 September 1697), 1697–1700
  27. ^Собрание узаконений и распоряжений правительства РСФСР. — 1925, No. 20, цит. по: Вексиллологический справочник по флагам Российской Империи и СССР, Т.1/сост. Соколов В. А. — М.: МГИУ, 2002, ISBN 5-276-00240-1, СС.487–488
  28. ^Lilia Shevtsova: Putin’s Russia. Carnegie Endowment, 2022. p. 114
  29. ^Kathleen E. Smith: Mythmaking in the New Russia: Politics and Memory During the Yeltsin Era. Cornell University Press, 2002. p. 160
  30. ^Центральный Государственный архив Киргизской ССР, ф.1445, оп.3, д.29, л.2, цит. по: Вексиллологический справочник по флагам Российской Империи и СССР, Т.1/сост. Соколов В. А. — М.: МГИУ, 2002, ISBN 5-276-00240-1, СС.399–400
  31. ^Закон РСФСР от 2 июня 1954 г. «О Государственном флаге РСФСР»
  32. ^per Resolution No. 1627/1-I of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 22 August 1991
  33. ^per Law No. 1827-1 of the RSFSR of 1 November 1991
  34. ^per Decree No. 2126 of 11 December 1993
  35. ^О Государственном флаге Российской Федерации : Указ Президента РФ от 11 December 1993 No. 2126 // Собрание актов Президента и Правительства Российской Федерации. 1993. No. 51. Ст. 4928.
  36. ^Государственный флаг России. Статья на сайте Политического консультативного центра
  37. ^ abPantone 286 C
  38. ^ abPantone 485 C
  39. ^Unofficial flag of Russia at Flags of the World
  40. ^per Decree No. 319 of 15 February 1994
  41. ^Flag of the president of Russia at Flags of the World
  42. ^«🇷🇺 Flag for Russia Emoji». Retrieved 2 January 2022.

Symbolism

At the times of Alexander III of Russia the official interpretation was as follows: the white color symbolizes nobility and frankness, the blue for faithfulness, honesty, impeccability, and chastity, and the red for courage, generosity, and love.

Unicode

The Flag of Russia is represented as the Unicodeemoji sequence U 1F1F7🇷REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER R and

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