OГЭ–2022, английский язык: задания, ответы, решения. Обучающая система Дмитрия Гущина.

OГЭ–2022, английский язык: задания, ответы, решения. Обучающая система Дмитрия Гущина. Английский

Что делать родителям

До 6-7 класса просите ребёнка размышлять над прочитанным. Причём не обязательно в текстах на английском. Просите кратко пересказать текст, найти какую-то информацию, задавайте вопросы. Если у вас сказка, разбитая по главам, пусть ребёнок сам придумает заголовок к отрывку.

Когда ребёнок пойдёт в 6-7 класс, выполняйте те же задания, но уже на английском.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXSkUsqDZNM

На финальной стадии подготовки ребёнок должен не просто отвечать на вопрос, а показывать вам в тексте ответ. Утверждение присутствует в тексте? Покажи, где именно

Утверждение противоречит тексту? Подчеркни этот момент. Какие ключевые слова помогают понять, что нужно выбрать этот заголовок? Причём всё это можно делать, даже если сами не очень хорошо знаете язык.

Что делать ученику

Освойте техники skimming и scanning. Они пригодятся не только на ОГЭ и ЕГЭ, но и на международных экзаменах, если вам понадобится их сдавать.

Skimming — это беглое прочтения текста для понимания общей мысли. Именно это вам и нужно сделать со всеми отрывками в задании № 9. Просмотрите отрывки и примерно обозначьте основную идею каждого из них. Имейте в виду, что все отрывки содержат так называемое topic sentence — первое предложение, которое передаёт весь смысл абзаца.

Так как заголовки описывают суть отрывка, иногда чтения первого предложения хватает, чтобы понять его тему и подобрать заголовок. Пробежавшись по отрывкам, поставьте первичные отметки: возможно, какие-то заголовки настолько очевидны, что после первого прочтения выполните задание.

Задания 10-17 ученики называют самыми сложными на экзамене. Прочитайте заголовок и введение, поймите, о чём текст. Бегло прочитайте его, обращая внимание на первые предложения каждого абзаца, чтобы визуально представлять, где потом искать ту или иную информацию.

Прочитайте вопросы и подчеркните в них ключевые слова. Теперь, зная, что и где искать, приступайте к ответам. Ваша задача — найти (или не найти, и тогда ответом будет вариант Not stated) в тексте предложение с ключевыми словами и определить, соответствует оно утверждению или нет.

Как проходит огэ 2022

ОГЭ в 2022 году будет состоять из трех этапов:

Досрочный этап: с 21.04.2022 по 17.05.2022

Основной этап: с 19.05.2022 по 22.06.2022

Дополнительный этап: с 05.09.2022 по 15.09.2022

В дополнительный этап экзамены пишут девятиклассники:

  • пропустившие экзамен по уважительной причине в основной этап (болезнь, например);
  • у которых предметы ОГЭ выпали на один день;
  • не сдавшие ОГЭ по одному из основных предметов (русский, математика);
  • не сдавшие экзамен по дополнительным предметам.

Если школьник не сдал оба основных предмета, то ОГЭ надо пересдавать в следующем году.

Продолжительность экзаменов в 2022 году:

  • Математика, русский язык и литература — 3 часа 55 минут (235 минут);
  • Физика, обществознание, история, биология, химия — 3 часа (180 минут);
  • Информатика и (ИКТ), география — 2 часа 30 минут (150 минут);
  • Иностранные языки (кроме раздела «Говорение») — 2 часа (120 минут);
  • Иностранным языки (раздел «Говорение») — 15 минут.

Получается, у вас всего 2-4 часа на то, чтобы решить немаленький экзамен. Где-то нужно найти ответ на сложную задачу, где-то — проанализировать текст, а где-то — и вовсе написать полноценное сочинение, эссе или письмо! Задача не из легких, согласитесь?

Наши преподаватели на курсах подготовки к ОГЭ подают все темы системно. Мы работаем по четкой и эффективной структуре, так что наши ученики запоминают только самое важное. Мы не грузим знаниями, которые не пригодятся на экзамене. А еще мы регулярно мониторим результаты наших учеников: проводим тесты и даже пробные экзамены.

Как сдать огэ по английскому языку: структура, задания, баллы за экзамен в 9 классе | фоксфорд.медиа


Экзамен состоит из тестовой части (аудирование, чтение, грамматика, лексика), письменной (письмо) и устной (говорение).

3 задания, 15 баллов

2 задания, 15 баллов

№ 20–28: изменить грамматические формы — то есть не сделать из существительного глагол или прилагательное, а изменить только форму слова (9 баллов).

№ 29–34: определить часть речи, необходимую для заполнения пропуска в тексте, и преобразовать данное в задании слово в однокоренное или, добавив приставку, изменить значение слова на прямо противоположное (7 баллов).

1 задание, 10 баллов

№ 35: написать электронное письмо. Объём письма: 100–120 слов. Не нужно писать город, страну, дату, давать ссылку на предыдущие контакты.

3 задания, 15 баллов

№ 1: прочитать текст вслух (2 балла).

№ 2: ответить на 6 вопросов (6 баллов).

№ 3: сделать рассказ по приведённому плану (7 баллов).

Тестовая часть оценивается автоматически. Письменная и устная — по критериям.

Грамматика: времена, there’s / there are, союзы, союзные слова, условные предложения, I wish, so/such, as … as, either, neither, конструкции с глаголами на -ing, согласование времён, косвенная речь, пассивный залог, фразовые глаголы, модальные глаголы, причастия настоящего и прошедшего времени, множественная форма существительных, исчисляемые и неисчисляемые существительные, местоимения, степени сравнения прилагательных, количественные и порядковые числительные, предлоги, средства связи в тексте.

Лексические темы также довольно разнообразны: отношения в семье, школе, с друзьями, описание человека, хобби, покупки, переписка, школа, профессия, страны, известные люди, путешествия, технологии, глобальные проблемы, СМИ, природа, экология. Всё это может встретиться на экзамене.

От 0 до 28 баллов — не сдал — оценка 2

От 29 до 45 баллов — удовлетворительно — оценка 3

От 46 до 58 баллов — хорошо — оценка 4

От 59 до 70 баллов — отлично — оценка 5

Изображение на обложке: Liubov Dronova / Dribbble

Огэ по английскому языку. устная часть. говорение (темы). | тренажёр по английскому языку (9 класс): | образовательная социальная сеть

1. You are going to give a talk about travelling.

I am going to give a talk about travelling. I think most people like travelling because it is a good way to relax and to experience new positive emotions. It gives you an opportunity to communicate with different people and get to know their lifestyles and traditions.

That’s no doubt that nowadays it’s easier to travel than centuries ago, because there had been a great growth in industry, production technologies and inventing gadgets. So now we are plenty of planes, trains, big journey ships and cars. Travelling with their help is faster and more comfortable than travelling on foot or using horses.

As for me, I would like to visit Japan. I am very interested in the customs and traditions of this country. This country seems another world to me. It is an Asian country and differs a lot from European countries and Russia as well. There is a kind of mystery in it I’d like to uncover.

I hope my dream will come true some day.

That’s all I can say about travelling, thank you for listening.

2. You are going to give a talk about your career choice.

I am going to give a talk about my career choice. I would like to say that nothing will be as popular as working in IT.

To my mind, the IT sphere has been getting really widely spread lately. The list of new technologies expands very quickly: neural networks, machine learning, data analysis and so on. So, as IT continues developing it requires new high quality specialists. There’s a great variety of technologies nowadays, so it delivers a great number of jobs as well.

As for me, I am really interested in tourism and want to become a tour guide in the future. There are two reasons why I have chosen this job. First, I like travelling and sightseeing. Besides, I am very sociable and enjoy communicating with different people. I think this kind of job gives me such an opportunity.

I think geography and history are the most important subjects for my future job as I have to know much and to tell people about the nature and history of different places, about their customs and traditions and different architectural styles. Besides, it would be also very useful to know foreign languages as there are often a lot of foreigners on excursions.
That’s all I can say about my career choice, thank you for listening.

3. You are going to give a talk about your career choice.

I am going to give a talk about my career choice. After finishing the 9th form students have different opportunities. They can go to the tenth form and then to university, or they can find a job and help their parents, also they can go to a college or to a vocational school. As for me, after finishing the ninth form I would like to go to the tenth form and then to university.

I am really interested in tourism and want to become a tour guide in the future. There are two reasons why I have chosen this job. First, I like travelling and sightseeing. Besides, I am very sociable and enjoy communicating with different people. I think this kind of job gives me such an opportunity.

My parents advise me to become a doctor but I’m not sure that the job is appropriate for me. First of all, I am good at geography, history and English and very sociable too. Second, tourist business is actively developing and they think it will be easy to find a job. So, I think my parents will support my career choice and help me to enter into good university.
That’s all I can say about my career choice, thank you for listening.

4. You are going to give a talk about environmental problems.

I am going to give a talk about environmental problems. People discuss environmental problems a lot nowadays. There are lots of TV programmes and newspaper articles that explain that if we don’t stop polluting the air and if we continue to destroy the forests, the situation will become very dangerous for all of us. Global warming is one of the examples.

There are some environmental problems in our town, too. The first one is that we suffer from air pollution as there are too many mines, factories and cars in the streets. Another problem is our river. It’s very dirty and it’s dangerous to swim there. There’s rubbish on the beach and on the banks of the river.

Ordinary people and teenagers like me can’t solve global environmental problems but we can clean up our town and keep our parks and river banks tidy. Many of us can work as volunteer workers. As for me, I never throw plastic bottles or ice cream packages on the ground. We should do everything we can to save nature and ourselves.

That’s all I can say about environmental problems, thank you for listening.

5. You are going to give a talk about animals.

I am going to give a talk about animals. Many wild animals, such as the fox, brown bear, wolf, hare, lynx, and beaver live in our region. Today it’s common thing to protect different species of animals, especially if they’re in danger, because everyone can hear that the number of endangered species steadily grows. In such a way the question is how humanity can stop extinction. So, people build zoos in the cities and towns; create special areas — national parks.

I don’t think it would be a good idea to keep any wild animal as a pet. They cannot be pets. Most owners do not know how to look after a wild animal properly and books on the subject are not always accurate. Wild animals need special food and they often get sick when they do not live in their natural habitats. Furthermore, they can be dangerous.
That’s all I can say about animals, thank you for listening.

6. You are going to give a talk about books.

I am going to give a talk about books. I think it’s an interesting and actual topic in our life. Modern teenagers enjoy reading fantasy novels because they find them thrilling. When they read this kind of books, they lose touch with reality and immerse into a magic world of dragons, witches and other mythical creatures.

To my mind, libraries are necessary nowadays and people will go there at all times. Also, libraries function as cultural centers and homes for rare books. They organize music concerts and poetry parties for local people.

People like reading and so do I. I have read “Oliver Twist” by Charles Dickens recently. It was about an orphan who was born in the London’s slums. The main character fell into a den of thieves, but was finally rescued by a wealthy benefactor. The novel described scandalous investigations in workhouses which, actually, functioned as semi prisons, and where children were exploited for labour.

That’s all I can say about books, thank you for listening.

7. You are going to give a talk about your best friend.

I am going to give a talk about my best friend.  I think that everyone needs good friends, otherwise life becomes boring. We all need people to laugh and to cry with, to go out and to have fun with, to play active and board games with and finally to share darkest secrets with.

As far as I am concerned, I am lucky to have a loyal friend. We’ve known each other since first grade. He is open, sociable and sympathetic. However, sometimes we do quarrel and argue with each other.

All in all, we have much in common and spend much time together. Both of us enjoy sports, lead a healthy lifestyle and pay special attention to studies. Also, we enjoy going for walks, playing computer games and riding bikes. I’ll hope we’ll be friends forever.

That’s all I can say about my best friend, thank you for listening.

8. You are going to give a talk about your school holidays

I am going to give a talk about my school holidays. They occur four times a year: in spring, in autumn, in winter and in summer. It is a brilliant opportunity to take some rest from your studies, to gather new strength and to revise the material learnt.

As for me, I would make longer spring holidays because it’s one of the most exciting times during the year. People often go for walks in the park, have picnics or sit by the lake in order to enjoy the natural beauty of the world. Besides, spring is a good time to revise the material learnt and to prepare for exams.

So, school holidays are the time for travelling, fun and pleasure. I enjoy reading books, listening to music, swimming, sunbathing and playing different games during my summer holidays. In autumn I like to walk in the park and admire the colourful beauty of autumn leaves. Winter is a good time for skating, skiing and sledding. I like to play snowballs or make a snowman.

All in all, every student enjoys school holidays and spends much time out.

That’s all I can say about my school holidays, thank you for listening.

9. You are going to give a talk about your school.

I am going to give a talk about my school.  There are a lot of things I like about my school. First, I really like my teachers. They are very understanding, helpful and are very good at explaining things. Besides, I like our school canteen. It is very comfortable, looks nice and the food is really tasty.

As a rule I have six lessons a day. When all my lessons are over, I usually have one or two extra classes. We are getting ready to take our school-leaving exams.

As for me, I have chosen English and Social Science because the knowledge of these subjects can help me to enter the Military University. Also, I have a chance to get a prestigious job and to find out more about my country.

That’s all I can say about my school, thank you for listening.

10. You are going to give a talk about travelling.

I am going to give a talk about travelling. Today most people travel so much for different purposes. First of all, it is a good way to relax and to experience new positive emotions. Secondly, they travel on business or visit their relatives and friends. Nevertheless, I think it gives modern people an opportunity to communicate with different people and get to know their lifestyles and traditions.

So, while travelling tourists usually spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. Also, they walk, bathe and laze in the sun. Most tourists take pictures of everything that interests them – the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes and waterfalls.

In Kemerovo region I recommend to visit historical cultural and natural museum-preserve “Tomskaya Pisanitsa”, the Kemerovo Regional Museum of Regional History and Folk Life and the museum-reserve “Krasnaya Gorka”. To my mind, tourists will be great to visit Kemerovo Drama Theatre and the Kemerovo Regional Scientific Library named after Fedorov V.D.

That’s all I can say about travelling, thank you for listening.

11. You are going to give a talk about sports.

I am going to give a talk about sports. I believe doing sports has become more popular nowadays. First, sport helps young people to stay in a good shape, keep them fit and healthy. Besides, people have more opportunities to do sports now. We have more gyms and sports grounds.

As for sports clubs and teams in my school, there are football, basketball and volleyball teams. Sports competitions usually take place in my school.

As for me, I don’t do much to keep fit. I just do morning exercises for 15 minutes every day and do boxing three times a week. Also, I try to eat regularly and to avoid eating sweet things.

All in all, keeping fit and going in for sport are very important and everyone should do something to stay healthy and feel happy.

That’s all I can say about sports, thank you for listening.

12. You are going to give a talk about healthy lifestyle.

I am going to give a talk about healthy lifestyle. I think the polluted and unhealthy world of today makes modern teenagers realize the importance of going in for sport. To my mind, sport is a good way to keep fit too.

Besides sport young people need all types of vitamins to keep their body healthy. It also deals with the right way of eating. Keeping to a diet has become very popular today. To keep fit and healthy it is important to relax and to do things that they enjoy.

As for me, I enjoy walking, riding a bike, swimming in summer. In winter I am eager for skating and skiing. Sometimes I prefer to stay at home and relax. Reading, listening to music and playing computer games are my hobbies.

All in all, keeping fit and going in for sport are very important and everyone should do something to stay healthy and feel happy.

That’s all I can say about healthy lifestyle, thank you for listening.

13. You are going to give a talk about films.

I am going to give a talk about films. To tell the truth, modern teenagers enjoy different kinds of films. Thrillers, comedies, adventures, science fiction films and even horrors are among teenagers’ favourite films. Besides, some of teens prefer watching action films and, unfortunately, crime films.

In my opinion, watching films on the Internet is more convenient because I can always pause the film when I really need it. For example, if I have to answer the phone call. More than that, watching films on the Internet is free, that’s why I can do it every day if I want to.

Personally, I watch films online very often. I have seen “The Match” recently. The film is a patriotic action movie about love between the Dinamo team captain and a German language schoolteacher during World War II. Although, the Soviet team wins, the ending of the film is tragic.

That’s all I can say about films, thank you for listening.

14. You will give a talk about school uniform.

I am going to give a talk about school uniform. I think it’s important to wear school uniform because it is an integral part of school life in many countries. First of all, when children wear a school uniform, they realize that they are at school not at a swimming-pool or stadium. It adjusts them to school atmosphere and helps to study harder. Secondly, school uniforms prevent social inequality. It means that both rich and poor children wear the same clothes. Finally, children don’t have such problem as what to wear in the morning. 
As for me, I wear black trousers, a white shirt and a dark blue vest with emblem of our school.

There are a lot of things I like about my school. I really like my teachers. I believe that they are very understanding, helpful and are very good at explaining things. Besides, I like our school canteen. It is very comfortable, looks nice and the food is really tasty. All in all, I feel like that my school is part of my family.

That’s all I can say about school uniform, thank you for listening.

15. You will give a talk about travelling.

I am going to give a talk about travelling. I think most people like travelling because it is a good way to relax and to experience new positive emotions. It gives you an opportunity to communicate with different people and get to know their lifestyles and traditions.

I believe the best means of transport is your own car. It is very convenient. Firstly, you don’t have to wait for your bus or train at the station. It saves your time. Secondly, you can choose the route yourself to take the most of your trip and enjoy most picturesque places. Besides, you can stop any time you feel tired to stretch your legs after a long sitting or have a bite if you are hungry.

As for me, I would like to visit Tver by car. It is the city near the place where one can find the source of one of the most beautiful rivers – the Volga.

I hope my dream will come true some day.

That’s all I can say about travelling, thank you for listening.

16. You will give a talk about foreign languages.

I am going to give a talk about foreign languages. I think lots of people learn foreign languages nowadays because international relations in all spheres of economy are becoming stronger and stronger. So, companies need specialists of all kinds with the knowledge of foreign languages. That’s why people who want to be successful in their career study languages.

To my mind, people can improve their language skills, if they practice every day or 3–4 times a week. Also, they can watch their favourite TV shows or the news, listen to the radio, read books, magazines or browse news on the internet in the language they want to improve!

As for me, I would like to learn English, because it is one of the most useful and important language in modern world. All in all, the knowledge of English will help me to get good education and be successful in my career. Besides, I can communicate with my English pen friends (writing messages and chatting via Skype).

That’s all I can say about foreign languages, thank you for listening.

17. You will give a talk about television.

I am going to give a talk about television. To my mind, television plays a big role in our society. It provides a great opportunity for people to learn latest news, watch educational programmes, children’s programmes, old and new films and soaps operas on TV.

I think, most teenagers prefer browsing the Internet to watching TV. Firstly, they can chat with friends all over the world, read news, find necessary information for their studies. Secondly, teenagers can send letters to their friends without the need of buying an envelope, and the letter will be delivered in a few seconds. Finally, they like social media sites.
As for me, I don’t spend much time watching TV. However, there is a TV programme I really like. It is a musical show
 “Voice” (Голос). Singers compete with each other presenting their wonderful voices and their interpretations of famous songs.

That’s all I can say about television, thank you for listening.

18. You are going to give a talk about school life.

I am going to give a talk about school life. My weekday usually starts at 8 am. As a rule I have six lessons a day. All the students of my class have lunch after the fourth lesson. When all my lessons are over, I usually have one or two extra classes. We are getting ready to take our school-leaving exams.

There are a lot of things I like about my school. I really like my teachers. I believe that they are very understanding, helpful and are very good at explaining things. Besides, I like our school canteen. It is very comfortable, looks nice and the food is really tasty. All in all, I feel like that my school is part of my family.

As for me, I prefer classroom learning to online learning because I get to have face-to-face interactions with my classmates and teachers.

That’s all I can say about school life, thank you for listening.

19. You are going to give a talk about the seasons and weather.

I am going to give a talk about the seasons and weather. I think late spring is the best time in Kemerovo Region, because the ground is covered with emerald – green grass and the first flowers. Besides, the trees are in full blossom. The days are warm and everything is full of life and joy.

However, I agree with the proverb “There is no bad weather, there are bad clothes”. It means that people like all the seasons, all kinds of weather. Every season is good in its own way. Each person likes this or that season. It depends on his character, mood.

As for me, when it is nasty and cold, I usually read books, play computer games and listen to music. All in all, I can organize my free time in any weather.

That’s all I can say about the seasons and weather, thank you for listening.

20. You are going to give a talk about books.

I am going to give a talk about books. To my mind, reading is not so popular nowadays as it was a couple of decades before. There are several reasons for this. First, teenagers now have far more ways to entertain themselves. We have an opportunity to play computer games, listen to countless number of songs and watch any films we like on the Internet.

As for me, I like reading very much. My favourite kind of books is adventure stories. I like adventure stories because they make my monotonous life more exciting and interesting, give me an opportunity to travel around the world.

Most people nowadays prefer e-books to paper ones, as paper books cost more and occupy a lot of place in your home. Some really huge paper books are too heavy to be taken with you. As for the e-book, you can take it with you wherever you go.

All in all, despite the fact that reading is not so popular nowadays, it continues to remain one of my favourite pastimes.

That’s all I can say about books, thank you for listening.

Расписание огэ 2022

Досрочный этап: расписание ОГЭ 2022

  • 21 апреля — математика;
  • 25 апреля — русский язык;
  • 28 апреля — информатика, обществознание, химия, литература;
  • 4 мая — история, биология, физика, география, иностранные языки;

Резервные дни

  • 11 мая — математика;
  • 12 мая — история, биология, физика, география, иностранные языки;
  • 13 мая — информатика, обществознание, химия, литература;
  • 16 мая — русский язык;
  • 17 мая — по всем учебным предметам.

Основной этап:расписание ОГЭ 2022

  • 19 и 20 мая — иностранные языки;
  • 23 и 24 мая — математика;
  • 27 и 28 мая — обществознание;
  • 1 июня — история, физика, биология, химия;
  • 7 и 8 июня — русский язык;
  • 15 июня — биология, информатика, география, химия;
  • 22 июня — литература, физика, информатика, география.

Резервные дни

  • 4 июля — по всем учебным предметам (кроме русского и математики);
  • 5 июля — русский язык;
  • 6 июля — по всем учебным предметам (кроме русского и математики);
  • 7 июля — математика;
  • 8 июля — по всем учебным предметам;
  • 9 июля — по всем учебным предметам.

Дополнительный этап:расписание ОГЭ 2022

  • 5 сентября — математика;
  • 8 сентября — русский язык;
  • 12 сентября — история, биология, физика, география;
  • 15 сентября — обществознание, химия, информатика, литература, иностранные языки.

Резервные дни

  • 20 сентября — математика;
  • 21 сентября — русский язык;
  • 22 сентября — по всем учебным предметам (кроме русского языка и математики);
  • 23 сентября — по всем учебным предметам (кроме русского языка и математики);
  • 24 сентября — по всем учебным предметам.

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Реформа огэ и нововведения в кимах

В 2021 году ОГЭ будут сдавать школьники, которые пошли в 1-й класс в 2022 году – через год после введения ФГОС. Поскольку с 2022 года принципы преподавания несколько изменились, сместив акценты с сухого запоминания теории на практическое применение  приобретенных знаний, то и система контроля нуждалась в адаптации к новым реалиям.

Хотя непонятно, произойдет ли апробация обновленных КИМов по английскому языку в 2021 году, мы хотим познакомить вас с их особенностями и важными изменениями.

Среди основных нововведений стоит выделить:

  • изменение задания №9 в блоке «чтение» (поиск ответа на вопрос в текстах);
  • сокращение объема материала для чтения (в заданиях на работу с текстом);
  • уменьшено число заданий на определение соответствия приведенного текста и утверждений (теперь их всего 7);
  • в задании №3 блока «говорение» добавлен новый аспект, что повлекло за собой изменение критериев оценивнаия и максимального первичного бала.

По сути, модернизация ОГЭ все больше приближает задания для 9-классников к стандарту Единого Государственного Экзамена.

Важно! Задания, разработанные для ГИА-9 по английскому требуют владения языком на уровне А2 (общеевропейская спецификация).

При этом, аудитории для проведения экзамена должны быть оснащены:

  • устройством для качественного воспроизведения аудиозаписи;
  • компьютерной техникой с предустановленным программным обеспечением и гарнитурой (либо полноценные лингафонные кабинеты).

Устные ответы экзаменуемых должны быть записаны и сохранены на случай подачи апелляции.

Решу огэ

Вы проводите информационный поиск в ходе выполнения проектной работы. Определите, в каком из текстов A–F содержатся ответы на интересующие Вас вопросы 1–7. Один из вопросов останется без ответа. Занесите Ваши

ответы в таблицу.

1. Why do the temperatures in different parts of our planet rise?

2. What kind of changes are caused by global warming?

3. What are the impressive facts about various eco-friendly means of transport?

4. Which problems are not going to disappear by themselves?

5. Why is recycling becoming easier nowadays?

6. What are the current problems with the rainforests?

7. What are the aims of the new institution in Russia, connected with the protection of country`s natural resources?

A.

Recycling is becoming easier and more widespread. Governments support companies that recycle waste. Also people prefer to buy things from companies that make their products from recycled materials. Reports say that people worldwide are starting to care more about what happens to waste products. For example, now Americans recycle almost 35% of their waste, while in the 1990s the percentage was much smaller.

B.

In autumn 2004 a new governmental body was created in Russia to protect the country’s natural resources. It’s called the Federal Ecological Service. The aims of the new institution are the following: to prevent environmental pollution and to control industrial waste. They say that the new governmental service has improved the state system of environmental protection in Russia.

C.

Climate change is on us. Ten years ago we only spoke about it, now it’s happening before our eyes. Global warming is bringing unpredictable changes. The Arctic sea ice is disappearing; glaciers are melting faster every year. Due to heavy rains some rivers overflow, while others dry out. Disasters such as tornadoes and floods are spreading. Strong hurricanes are becoming more common and more destructive.

D.

People burn plenty of coal, oil and natural gas. As a result of this billions of tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released into the atmosphere every year. CO2 is a greenhouse gas that traps the sun’s radiation within the atmosphere so the concentration of CO2 increases. As a result of this, temperatures in different parts of the planet rise.

E.

They are designed to work using electric power, without gasoline. It means that they don’t pollute the atmosphere, cost less and reduce the need for oil. Such cars are reliable and have interesting designs. However, they have a few bad points. Many have a maximum speed limit of about 50 miles per hour. Most cities are not ready for the appearance of such cars on their roads.

F.

Environmental organisations have been discussing ways of saving the rainforests for many years. However, we are still facing huge losses in the Amazon. People think that rainforests have already had enough attention. They have been discussed in the press for years. Unfortunately the rainforest is still in danger and can be destroyed completely.

Устная часть

Устная часть ОГЭ по английскому языку в 2021 году будет содержать 3 задания, за которые можно максимально набрать 15 первичных баллов

ЗаданиеМаксимальный балл
1Чтение вслух2
2Диалог6
3Монолог7

В ходе диалога экзаменуемому будут заданы 6 вопросов. За каждый правильный ответ эксперт будет начислять 1 первичный балл. Монологическое высказывание будут оценивать по таким критериям:

  • решение коммуникативной задачи (3б.);
  • организация высказывания (2б.);
  • языковое оформление (2б.)

При этом основным является именно первый критерий. Если за решение коммуникативной задачи эксперт поставит 0, то и за все задание будет выставлен нулевой результат.

Для подсчета результата, баллы за устную и письменно часть суммируют, а после переводят в школьную оценку по рекомендованной таблице:

ОценкаСуммарный балл
558-68
446-57
329-45
не сдал0-28

Таким образом, для получения аттестата 9-класснику необходимо набрать минимум 29 первичных баллов, но для профильного класса или колледжа проходной порог значительно выше – минимум 55 б.

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