«Most» vs. «most of»

"Most" vs. "most of" Английский

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A complete search of the internet has found these results:

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most of people are is the most popular phrase on the web.

what’s difference between «most of people» & «most people» ?

«Most people» means the majority of people. ie: «Most people like ice cream.» I can only think of one instance where you would use «most of people». ie: «Since we all have the ability to be unpleasant, you just have to make the most of people.» This is saying that you should look past the unpleasantness that is easy to see in people and look for the good which is sometimes not so easy to see. If you have seen «most of people» used in another way, please let me know.

Having read Yanni’s answer, I can see what you might have meant. If you put the article «the» in the phrase (most of the people) then the two phrases are similar.
«Most people» would include all people everywhere. «Most of the people» usually would refer to a specific group of people. The context of the writing would identify the group.
ie: «Most of the people on italki are interested in learning or teaching a language.»

The precedes most when we are using superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs: the most happily married man, the most intelligent woman, etc.

Here however, most = the greater number of + noun: most things are expensive, most people are kind, etc.

Another way used for specific nouns, as Torsten has indicated, is most of the + noun: most of the things here are expensive, most of the people in America are kind.

In any case, much will not work with countable nouns like things; it is used for uncountables: much labour is repetitive, much of the labour at our office is repetitive.


Most people think that driving after drinking alcohol is dangerous.

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This means that the majority of people (in general) think this.

Most of the people in this room are over thirty years old.

This means the majority of the people in this room (not in general — just those people) are over thirty years old.

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"Most" vs. "most of"

Многие слова в английском языке используются в речи не только в рамках контекста, но и по строгим правилам грамматики. Например, “most” часто вызывает ассоциацию со степенью сравнения прилагательных (more — the most). Однако у этого слова есть множество других значений и форм, которые мы разберем в этой статье.

В случае, когда “most” является существительным, мы не используем артикли (a, the) и местоимения (this, that, my, his, etc.) в связке с ним.

Most people do not like winter — Большинство людей не любит зиму.

I have some unlucky days but most days are great — У меня бывают неудачные дни, но в большинстве случаев они замечательные.

Такая грамматическая конструкция английского языка предполагает, что мы говорим о людях и вещах в общем, не указывая определенной группы, категории и т.д.

Мы используем “most of” перед существующими или предполагаемыми артиклями и местоимениями в английском (the/this/that/my/her/his/etc.).

Most of the people in my family do not like winter — Большинство людей в моей семье не любят зиму.

I had some bad days last week but most of them were great — На прошлой неделе у меня было несколько плохих дней, но большинство из них были замечательными.

Главное отличие “most” от “most of” в том, что первое используется с обобщенными существительными (большинство как целое), а второе — с конкретными группами и категориями (большинство из определенного спектра).

Мы используем “the most” перед прилагательными или наречиями, чтобы выразить наивысшую степень сравнения.

These are the most beautiful flowers you can find — Это самые красивые цветы, которые вы можете найти.

Here you may taste the most delicious cupcakes — Здесь вы можете попробовать самые вкусные кексы.

Practice time! Переведите следующие предложения с русского на английский:

Большинство людей в это комнате были одеты в белое.

Большинство людей не любят носить белое.

Самый красивый цвет — белый.

The sense of history used here identifies a particular period. Now just what that period is may be unclear or may differ between similar uses (in particular, whether prehistory—the period before writing was invented and hence written records available—is included or not will differ between uses).

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But despite this ambiguity, it still refers to one particular thing. While we do not capitalise it, it’s more a proper noun in this sense than it is a common noun, for just as Jon identifies one person (in a given use), history in this use identifies one period, albeit the period that covers everything.

Other uses of history are countable or mass uses:

To take StoneyB’s examples:

Most history is lies.

This uses history as a mass noun to cover all that is said about the past. Hence most is used to identify the greater part of that mass, that is to say the greater part all that is said about the past.

Most histories are boring.

This uses history as a countable noun, to refer to a particular account. (Or rather in the plural, to refer to particular accounts). Here most identifies a certain number of this plural amount.

During most of history, humans were too busy to think about thought.

This uses history as a proper noun, to refer to a particular period in time. We could interpret it either as since writing began, or since humans began (from context we clearly don’t care about earlier than that), but however we interpret it, it’s talking about one individual, particular period.

It uses most of to identify the larger part of that particular period.

In comparison, water:

Most waters are healthy.

Uses water as a countable noun, in the plural (as can be done to differentiate water from different sources), and applies most to that plural number.

Most water is healthy.

Uses water as a mass noun, and applies most to that mass.

Now, we don’t have a sense of water on its own that applies to one individual. We can though use «the water» to apply to a particular bit of water.

Most of the water is healthy.

Again, because we’re dealing with an individual case, we use most of rather than most

The difference is unspecific group vs. specific group.

Likewise, with proper nouns, we only use the if the is normally part of that proper noun; «Most of Europe» and «Most of the Rolling Stones» differ because we don’t say «the Europe» but we do say «the Rolling Stones».

Предложения с «most of the people who»

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