He said that if i kathrin she me

SEQUENCE OF TENSES

Choose the correct variant

he will need

would he need

will be working

had already seen

has already seen

would have called

I have made

I had made

had I made

ask / will help

have asked / would help

I would have

would I have

I will have

his sister will stay

his sister was going to stay

his sister is going to stay

had been delivered

will be delivered

orders to stopped

would order stopping

ordered him to stop

wanted to leaving

wants to leave

wanted to leave

suggests to go

suggested to go

say I am going

said I go

said I was going

had been doing

would have moved

would be moving

had acted / would be

had been acting / would be

hadn’t acted / would have been

would be delivered

demanded to be given

demanded to have given

having given away

to give away

had been winning

would not be earning

our to finish

had ever taught

Прямая и косвенная речь. Согласование времен

Выберите правильный вариант

1. She said that she______keen on drawing.

a) was c) has been

b) is d) were

2.1______her that I______time to play the piano.

a) told, have no c) told, did not have

b) tells, did not have d) told to, had not have

3. Jane answered that she______very early, so she______ the news.

a) went to bed, hadn’t seen

b) had gone to bed, hadn’t seen

c) has gone to bed, hasn’t seen

d) had gone to bed, didn’t see

4. Mary told me that she______to leave for London the next week.

a) is going c) were going

b) has gone d) was going

5.1 replied that I _____ her when I______back.

a) will phone, got c) will have phoned, will have come

b) would phone, got d) is to phone, get

6. Mary said that Paris______beautiful in spring.

a) is c) was

b) has been d) were

7. The teacher______a report on the Civil War.

a) told Jane to make c) told Jane make

b) tell to Jane to make d) told to Jane to make

8. Jane______worry about her health.

a) ask to me not to c) asked me not to

b) asked to not d) asked not

9.1 said that I______if I______time.

a) will go, have c) would go, have had

b) would go, had d) will go, had

10. Mary answered that she______wake up early in the morning when she was young.

a) did get used to c) gets used to

b) is getting used to d) used

11. Jane told me______calm.

a) to stay c) to have stayed

b) stay d) staying

12. I am surprised to see you. Your mother said you______ ill.

a) were c) has been

b) are d) had been

13. She said that Mary______into her flat because she ______her key.

a) cannot get, lost c) couldn’t get, had lost

b) couldn’t get, has lost d) can’t get, was losing

14. Jane told everybody that she______a meeting______.

a) had, tomorr

b) was having, tomorrow

c) will have, the next day

d) was having, the next day

15. Mary told me that writing a test______her nervous.

a) is making c) will make

b) made d) make

1. Ellie exclaimed that she______that car since her father gave it to her and that there had been no

СОГЛАСОВАНИЕ ВРЕМЕН В АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

SEQUENCE OF TENSES

Характерная особенность английского языка заключается в так называемом : время глагола придаточного предложения зависит от времени главного предложения.

Правило согласования времён представляет особую трудность, когда сказуемое главного предложения выражено глаголом в одной из форм прошедшего времени.

В этом случае в придаточных предложениях не могут употребляться формы настоящего и будущего времени глаголов, хотя речь идёт о действиях, которые совершаются в настоящем или будут совершаться в будущем.

Если глагол в главном предложении стоит в одном из прошедших времен, то и глагол придаточного предложения должен стоять в одном из прошедших времен.

В таких случаях правило согласования времен допускает три основных варианта:

They told us, “We  to the library.”

Они сказали нам : «Мы идем в библиотеку».

They told us they  to the library.

Они сказали нам, что идут в библиотеку.

We were told, “It

Нам сказали: «Было много дождей».

We were told that it had been raining

Нам сказали, что было много дождей.

She said: “I will try to get the highest mark on the exam.”

Она сказала: «Я постараюсь заработать на экзамене лучшую оценку».

She said she would try to get the highest mark on the exam.

Она сказала, что постарается заработать на экзамене лучшую оценку.

В каких случаях не соблюдают правила согласования времен в английском языке?

Если вы столкнетесь с ниже перечисленными условиями, вы можете не соблюдать правила согласования времен в английском языке.

The pupils were told that the Earht moves around the Sun. — Ученикам сказали, что Земля вращается вокруг Солнца.

I said that I must meet her. – Я сказал, что мне надо встретить ее.

Kate: Stay with me, Mark. I will cook something delicious. – Кейт: Останься со мной, Марк. Я приготовлю что-нибудь вкусное.

Mark to Elza: Kate said she will cook something delicious. – Марк Эльзе: Кейт сказала, что приготовит что-то вкусное.

I answered that I hadn’t met her since we moved. – Я ответил, что не видел ее после того, как мы переехали.

Steve said that when he came home his father was watching TV. – Стив сказал, что, когда он пришел домой, его отец смотрел телевизор.

3.Упражнения на закрепление темы.

Тест по теме «Косвенная речь» для учащихся 9 класса.

Вопрос №1: Mary:»Our teacher will go to Leipzig tomorrow.»

Mary said that their teacher would go to Leipzig the next day.Ваш ответ. Верно! Mary said that their teacher would go to Leipzig tomorrow. Mary said that their teacher would have gone go to Leipzig the next day.

Вопрос №2: Helen:»I was writing a letter yesterday.»

Helen told me that she had been writing a letter the day before.Ваш ответ. Верно! Helen told me that she had been writing a letter yesterday. Helen told me that she has been writing a letter the day before.

Вопрос №3: Jean:»The boss must sign the letter.»

Jean said that the boss had to sign the letter. Jean said that the boss must have signed the letter. Jean said that the boss must have sign the letter.

Вопрос №4: Jennifer:»Where do you play football today?»

Yesterday Jennifer wanted to know where I played football. Yesterday Jennifer wanted to know where I had played football. Yesterday Jennifer wanted to know where did I play football.

Вопрос №5: Teacher:»Do your homework!»

The teacher told me to do my homework. The teacher asked me to do my homework. The teacher told me do my homework.

Вопрос №6: Robert:»My father flew to Dallas last year.»

Robert told me that his father had flown to Dallas the year before.Ваш ответ. Верно! Robert told me that his father had been flown to Dallas the year before. Robert told me that his father had flown to Dallas last year.

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Вопрос №7: Patricia:»My mother will celebrate her birthday next weekend.»

Вопрос №8: Robert:»Is Tim leaving on Friday?»

Robert asked me if Tim was leaving on Friday. Robert asked me was Tim leaving on Friday. Robert asked me if Tim were leaving on Friday.

Вопрос №9: Denise:»Don’t open the door!»

Denise told me not to open the door.Ваш ответ. Верно! Denise told me to open the door. Denise didn’t tell me not to open the door.

Вопрос №10: Grandmother:»Where are my glasses?»

Yesterday Grandmother asked me where her glasses were. Yesterday Grandmother asked me where were her glasses.  Yesterday Grandmother asked me where her glasses had been.

Вопрос №11: Michael:»I am going to read a book this week.»

Michael said to me that he was going to read a book that week. Michael said me that he was going to read a book that week.  Michael said to me that he is going to read a book this week.

Вопрос №12: Jason:»Who gave you the laptop?»

Jason wanted to know who had given me the laptop. Jason wanted to know who had given him the laptop. Jason wanted to know who given me the laptop.

Вопрос №13: Andrew:»We didn’t eat fish two days ago.»

Andrew remarked that they hadn’t eaten fish two days before. Andrew remarked that they hadn’t eaten fish two ago. Andrew remarked that we hadn’t eaten fish two days before.

Вопрос №14: Alice:»I spent all my pocket money on Monday.»

Alice complained that she had spent all her pocket money on Monday. Alice complained that I had spent all her pocket money on Monday. Alice told to me that she had spent all her pocket money on Monday.

Вопрос №15: Fred:»Wash your hands!»

Fred told me to wash my hands.Ваш ответ. Верно! Fred told me to wash his hands. Fred told me wash my hands.

Вопрос №16: A man:»When does the train to Liverpool leave?»

A man asked me when the train to Liverpool left. A man asked me when did the train to Liverpool leave. A man asked me when the train to Liverpool leaves.

Вопрос №17: Jason and Victoria:»We will do our best in the exams tomorrow.»

Jason and Victoria told me that they would do their best in the exams the next day. Jason and Victoria told me that they do their best in the exams the next day. Jason and Victoria told me that they did their best in the exams tomorrow.

Вопрос №18: Daniel:»Will it rain tomorrow?»

Daniel asked me if it would rain today. Daniel asked me would it rain today. Daniel asked me would rain tomorrow.

Вопрос №19: Karen:»Don’t play football in the garden!»

Karen told me not to play football in the garden. Karen told me not to played football in the garden. Karen told me not play football in the garden.

Вопрос №20: Susan:»I’m watching TV.»

Susan said to me that she was watching TV. Susan said me that she was watching TV. Susan said to me that she had been watching TV.

Вопрос №21: Charles:»I didn’t have time to do my homework.»

Charles remarked that he hadn’t had time to do his homework. Charles said that he had had time to do his homework. Charles said that he didn’t have time to do my homework.

Вопрос №22: David:»John has already gone at six.»

David said that John had already gone at six.Ваш ответ. Верно! David said that John has already gone at six. David said that John had already had gone at six.

Вопрос №23: Nancy:»Why didn’t Nick go to New York last summer?»

Nancy wanted to know why Nick hadn’t gone to New York the summer before. Nancy wanted to know why Nick hadn’t gone to New York last summer. Nancy wanted to know why hadn’t Nick gone to New York the summer befоге.

Вопрос №24: He said:» I can help you if you want.»

He said that he could help me if I wanted.Ваш ответ. Верно! He said that he could help me if I want. He said that he could have helped me if I wanted.

Вопрос №25: » If I had more time, I would take up a hobby,» Eric said to me.

Eric told me that if he had more time, he would take a hobby. Eric told me that if he had had more time, he would have taken a hobby.  Eric told me that if he had more time, he would have taken a hobby.

Вопрос №26: She told him:» You must be tired.»

She told him that he must be tired. She told him that he had to be tired. She told him that he must have been tired.

Вопрос №27: Mandy:»Are the boys reading the book?»

Mandy asked me if the boys were reading the book. Mandy asked me were the boys reading the book. Mandy told me if the boys were reading the book.

Вопрос №28: Jamie:»Don’t eat so much junk food!»

Jamie reminded me not to eat so much junk food.Ваш ответ. Верно! Jamie reminded me to eat so much junk food. Jamie reminded me to didn’t eat so much junk food.

Вопрос №29: Stephen to Claire:»We have cleaned the windows.»

Stephen told Claire that they had cleaned the windows. Stephen told Claire that he had cleaned the windows. Stephen told Claire that they cleaned the windows.

Вопрос №30: Debby says:» I need the car tonight.»

Debby says that she needs the car tonight. Debby says that she needed the car that night. Debby says that she needed the car tonight.

Выберите правильный вариант.

a) was                              c) has been

b) is                                 d) were

a) told, have no                 c) told, did not have

b) tells, did not have           d) told to, had not have

4.  Mary told me that she______to leave for London the next week.

a) is going                        c) were going

b) has gone                       d) was going

a) will phone, got             c) will have phoned, will have come

b) would phone, got         d) is to phone, get

a) is                                 c) was

b) has been                       d) were

a) told Jane to make           c) told Jane make

b) tell to Jane to make        d) told to Jane to make

a) ask to me not to             c) asked me not to

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b) asked to not                  d) asked not

a) will go, have                  c) would go, have had

b) would go, had               d) will go, had

10.  Mary answered that she______wake up early in the morning when she was young.

a) did get used to               c) gets used to

b) is getting used to            d) used

a) to stay                          c) to have stayed

b) stay                              d) staying

a) were                             c) has been

b) are                               d) had been

13.  She said that Mary______into her flat because she ______her key.

a) cannot get, lost              c) couldn’t get, had lost

b) couldn’t get, has lost       d) can’t get, was losing

a) had, tomorrow

a) is making                      c) will make

b) made                           d) make

1. Ellie exclaimed that she______that car since her father gave it to her and that there had been no complaints.

a) had driven                    c) drove

b) had been driving            d) was driving

2. Vie said that they knew only what was in the papers, that they______for a call or a telegram since they heard of the accident.

a) waited                          c) had waited

b) were waiting                  d) had been waiting

3. Norma said that the old car had broken when they______ the bridge.

a) has crossed                   c) crossed

b) had been crossing          d) were crossing

4.  She said she couldn’t go in the water because she______ her swimming suit.

a) had not brought             c) hasn’t brought

b) didn’t bring                   d) will not bring

5.  She said my shoes were wet through and asked if I __all the way from the station in that rain.

a) has walked                    c) walking

b) had walked                   d) was walking

6.  The old teacher advised me to speak slowly if 1______ them to understand me.

a) had wanted                   c) wanted

b) want                            d) would want

7.  It was announced that the international treaty against the new warfare______and had gone into effect.

a) would have been ratified        c) had been ratified

b) is ratified                                d) was ratified

8.  The Navy officials said that the dolphins______in water holding tanks.

a) will be kept                   c) are kept

b) would be kept                d) will kept

9. Nobody can explain why she decided to touch upon the matter yesterday night. She______that the whole subject was too dangerous to discuss at night.

a) ought to know               c) ought known

b) ought to have known      d) ought know

10. It has recently been announced that further supplies ______soon be available.

a) will                              c) were

b) would                          d) are

11.She wondered if Stephen had found that the room was empty and if he___for her at the moment.

a) looked                          c) was looked

b) had been looking           d) was looking

12. The receptionist told us that from our room we______awonderful view over the sea.

a) will have                       c) would have

b) were going to have          d) were having

13.  Miss Marple replied that she______surprised at seeing the doctor depart.

a) is not                            c) has not been

b) won’t be                       d) would not be

14. The receptionist explained that breakfast______served between 7.00 and 9.00.

a) is                                 b) is being

с) was                              d) was being

15. The guide reminded us that after lunch we_________ sightseeing.

a) go                               c) went

b) were going                    d) would go

1. Не asked me if Tom______yet.

a) hadn’t left                     c) leaves

b) left                              d) hasn’t left

2. He asked me how long I______English.

a) learn                            c) has been learning

b) am learning                  d) had been learning

3.1 didn’t know who they______about.

a) speak                           c) were speaking

b) are speaking                  d) spoke

4. Do you know whose work they______.

a) discuss                         c) were discussing

b) are discussing                d) discussed

5.1 didn’t know he______a new book.

a) wrote                           c) writes

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b) has written                    d) had written

6. We didn’t know whose things they______.

a) were                             c) can be

b) are                               d) may be

7. All the students knew they______revise for the examinations.

a) will                              c) may

b) must                            d) had to

8. He showed me which exercises he______.

a) does                             c) had done

b) has done                       d) ’11 do.

9. He knows that Peter______in Kiev now.

a) was                              b) is

с) ’11 be                              d) has been

10. He knew why Peter______to Kiev several times.

a) was                               c) had been

b) has been                        d) ’11 be

11.1 thought you______do it tomorrow.

a) ‘d                                  c) can

b) ’11                                  d) must

12. We were sure that you______cope with the task.

a) can                               c) could

b) will                               d) are able to

13. The teacher asked what we______.

a) discuss                           c) are discussing

b) discussed                       d) were discussing

14. He wanted to know when we______there again.

a) go                                 c) ’11 go

b) were going                     d) are going

15. A man asked how______to the Red Square.

a) get                                c) getting

b) to get                            d) ‘d get

1. She said that her friend’s name______Mary.

a) is                                  c) was

b) has been                        d) were

2.1 saw what he______.

a) means                           c) is meaning

b) meant                           d) has meant

3, She thought it______curious.

a) ’11 be                              c) is

b) was                               d) has been

4. He said he______hungry.

a) was                               c) ’11 be

b) is                                  d) has been

5.1 heard she______good English.

a)speaks                           c)speak

b) is speaking                     d) spoke

6. John confessed he

a) doesn’t                          c) will not

b) didn’t                            d) do not

7.  He asked me how many lessons I______last week.

a) had                               c) had had

b) was having                     d) have

8. He wondered what Dick______at that moment.

a) did                                 c) is doing

b) does                             d) was doing

9. He told me Jack ______back in a few minutes.

a) would be                        c) is

b) was                               d) will be

10. He promised he______there in half an hour.

a) is                                  c) will be

b) would be                       d) was

11. She complained that no one______ever______to her.

a) —, speaks                       c) had spoken

b) — ,spoke                       d) has spoken

12. The manager explained that the exhibition______last week.

a) finished                         c) is finished

b) finishes                         d) had finished

13. He explained he______there two years before.

a) had moved                     c) moves

b) moved                           d) was moving

14. The boy exclaimed that their team______the match at last.

a) had won                        с) won

b) win                               d) has won

15. He remarked he______already______the film.

a) —, saw                           c) had seen

b) —, sees                          d) has seen

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